An awesome way to see an existing urban space in a new light. This 3D projection mapping was projected onto blank facade of the Kunsthalle [the Museum of Contemporary Art in Hamburg]. We as designers have the unique opportunity to reinvent almost anything, and in this case, it was simply done with light. The kind of urban installations, although temporary, draw people into a space, and inspire wonder and visual delight.
The Gates, an installation in Central Park by Christo and Jeanne-Claude was a temporary installation in place for 15 days in February of 2005. "The Gates were greeted with mixed reactions. Some people loved them for brightening the bleak winter landscape; others hated them, accusing them of defacing the landscape." This project is another great example of reimagining an existing space. Through simple interventions, an underused public space can take on a whole new feel and meaning.
Third Iteration | Transect in Section
In this iteration of analysis, the transect is viewed in section, which allowed for it to be analyzed with respect topographical differences. This type of analysis provides a stronger understanding of open space within the transect, and shows how land use and cover has been greatly influenced by the topography of an area. It also shows a linear understanding of the site, revealing possibilities and potential for the connection of current and possible open spaces across the site.
Second Iteration | Transect as layers
In this iteration, the transect is graphically represented as a hierarchy of layers. The hierarchy has been determined by the potential for reimagining the area as an open space. Through analysis of the site, it is evident that the river which runs through the center of the transect, acts as the spine of the region. Historically, industry claimed this space for a variety of reasons, but the need for industry to be located on the water has since lessened, and a change in priority for land use on the waterfront has occurred. Because of this, this industrial area surrounding the river and its branches (outlined in blue) can be seen as the highest in hierarchy of open space. Below it, on the second level, is a layer of existing vegetation. This land cover, which is a more traditional interpretation of open space, occurs in parks and gorges, following roughly the same pattern as the industry along the river. The third layer down is the base map, and the layer below is the existing residential streets. These paved corridors have been dropped down so the emergent open space can be visualized above.
Initial Mapping | Transect Land Use and Land Cover
The initial mapping for this phase of the project involved a diagrammatic mapping of land use and land cover. A predictable, yet interesting trend appeared. When overlaying the mappings of land cover and land use, in most cases a strong correlation occurred between what the land was being used for, and the materiality that occurred on the site. For example, industrial areas are primarily gravel, park areas are primarily vegetated, and so on. Although this seems like a pretty elementary concept, it opened up the conversation to begin to look at mixing up the notions of "open space." What if an abandoned industrial park could become a space for public use. What if we rethink the traditional uses to create new possibilities with land cover?
Below are images of land use and land cover. This particular transect has an interesting diversity of land uses and covers, which have developed as a result of the natural landscape (physical geography), and also as a result of historic industrial development along the river and its branches.
In studio this semester, we are going to be investigating urban systems. Specifically, the individual systems that make up an urban environment. Professor Charles Frederick will guide the studio through our research and exploration.
The first system that we looked at as a studio was transportation. Initially, this seemed like a pretty basic concept to me. Cars drive on streets, people walk on sidewalks, and bikes straddle the line in between. However, when we began to delve into the topic even further, I quickly came to realize that there were far more aspects to "transportation" as a system than I had realized. I also found it very interesting to see the impact and overlays that transportation has on an urban environment.
My group looked into bicycle and pedestrian traffic on the west side of Cleveland. Our study area reached from Ohio City, to Rocky River, south to Brookpark and back east to Brooklyn Heights. Other groups looked into shipping via air, ground, and water, as well as public transportation, and personal transportation such as watercraft, air, and car.
It was interesting to find that we couldn't fully understand pedestrian and bike traffic without first understanding other aspects of transportation in the area. Things that heavily affected our groups research was the use of other modes of transportation in the area [public vs. private], commute times and distances, demographics, and other issues.
Our study and research led us in the direction of looking at combining different modes of transportation in an effort to make public transportation more convenient for people. As we narrowed our research and analysis even further, a transit oriented design problem was presented to us. We focused on Lakewood Ohio, and the question was how to make public transit more usable and convenient, in an effort to make it a more appealing solution for commuters, local travel, and visitors.
We came to realize that convenience was a HUGE reason that people don't use public transportation. A car is usually the most convenient way to get from one place to another, so its a no brainer as to why people don't use public transportation! Our group looked at ways that public transportation could take on this same convenience in people's minds.
One solution that we came up with was to have fewer, but more efficient bus [transit] stations. These stations could provide places for bike storage, a smart and fun design, as well as provide information to users such as ride times to popular destinations, and up to the minute information on when the next bus or connecting train will arrive. We figured that this information could also be integrated into apps for smart phones and the web, allowing users to quickly and easily plan their schedule around current bus schedules. Our goal aimed to seamlessly integrate all modes of public transportation, such as the bike, bus, and train, in one convenient, and easy to use system.
Over a weekend design charret, we implemented these ideas and designed a bike and bus transit system along Maddison Ave., which connected to the Red Line at West 117th.